For most of the tourists the usual recommended vaccinations for Thailand include cover against the childhood diseases (Tetanus and Diphtheria, Measles, Mumps, and Rubella) as well as cover against the food bore diseases of Typhoid and Hepatitis A. For those trekking in the Thai countryside or staying for more extended periods then cover against Hepatitis B, Japanese Encephalitis and Rabies should be considered.
Facilities and access for disabled tourists in Thailand still lag a long way behind countries like Australia, America or the United Kingdom. Although that does not mean that if you have a health condition or impairment, you cannot still enjoy Thailand, but you will need to plan it. Not all tourist attractions have ramps or are easily accessible by wheelchair but, practically speaking, Thai people will help you out if you politely ask for assistance. Language barriers can sometimes create as many difficulties as physical barriers, so it is worth considering to hire an officially registered tour guide for at least part of your trip. It will cost you a bit more money than exploring independently but could save you from potential problems. Having a Thai speaker with you makes it much easier to gain access to temples and other attractions that may not appear to be suitable for somebody with a mobility aid. Some of the disabled facilities at tourist attractions in the country are excellent. Some are non-existent. It can be a bit of pot-luck for disabled travelers when it comes to ease of access. Even if you are not the sort of tourist that would typically hire a local tour guide or driver, it is something worth giving serious consideration to in Thailand.
Just about every Thai town, city, and the resort has at least one modern shopping mall. Bangkok has dozens. If you are out and about exploring, these shopping centers are often the best place to go to if you need an accessible toilet. The air-conditioned malls also make for a pleasant respite from the outdoor heat and provide the opportunity to get some refreshments and plan the rest of your day.
On the other hand, the local night markets are worth to visit, too. These outdoor venues are a great place to try local food. The atmosphere is relaxed, and the prices are low. The only real downside for disabled travelers is there are not always decent toilet facilities nearby.
Travel Insurance is not mandatory for Thailand as of now. But, unforeseen circumstances like accidents, lousy health or loss of personal items during traveling can arise. It is highly recommended to buy travel insurance to take care of such emergencies. Notably, that private medical care is costly in Thailand, and it is not rare that tourist will not get any treatment until the hospital receives Proof of Insurance and Guarantee of Payment letters from the Insurance Company.
A good insurance policy covers not only the Medical Expenses but also offers such benefits as Personal accident and liability, Cancelling and cutting short your holiday, Abandoning your trip, Delayed departure, Accommodation cover, Scheduled airline failure, Personal belongings and baggage, Personal money, passport and travel documents, and Legal expenses.
As of 2010, there are 1,002 public hospitals, and 316 private hospitals are registered with the Ministry of Public Health’s Medical Registration Division. There are world-class private hospitals in Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Phuket and Samui and good hospitals in all other major tourist areas, but even government hospitals are usually acceptable, and almost all doctors can speak enough English to attend to our needs. Phuket has three private hospitals and four government ones.
Thai hospitals and healthcare are incredibly professional and pleasant, offering suitable relief if the tourist might fall ill here. A competent effort is also made to deal with seasonal threats. Public hospitals have a relatively good standard of care, and the majority of Thai nationals use these facilities. However, lines can belong, and the equipment is sometimes old and outdated. If the tourist does have to visit a hospital, shall be aware that they charge considerably more than public ones, overcharging on imported medicines on the assumption that tourist is covered by travel insurance. Tourists can often get an equally professional service at decent government hospitals, who are more ethical. The hospitals generally supply ambulance services